Har Gobind Khorana with Home Page Doodle

Khorana was born on this day in 1922, in Raipur in Punjab, which is now part of present-day Pakistan.

Har Khorana, a 20 century titan of science who was awarded the Nobel after showing how DNA formed a blueprint for life, was given a 21st century honor today: the daily Google Doodle. The image leads to a search for "Har Gobind Khorana" and includes the usual sharing icon to post the doodle on social pages or send via email. In 1972, Khorana was also recognised for the construction of the first artificial gene, while four years later he announced that he had gotten an artificial gene to function within a bacterial cell. He is Indian American biochemist who won Nobel Prize in 1968 for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holey for research which showed how the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids that carries the genetic code for the cell to control the synthesis of proteins.

While Khorana was known as a modest and down to earth man despite his accomplishments, he also used to say, "I only work on big problems". Through scholarships, Khorana eventually earned his doctorate in organic chemistry at the age of 26 - and then began his global academic career, conducting research in Canada, England, and Switzerland before settling in the United States. Though, January 9 is the date of birth in his documents the exact date remains uncertain. Khorana was an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids.

Khorana came from humble beginnings.

Khorana married Swiss national Esther Elizabeth Sibler in 1952.

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Khorana died of natural causes on November 9, 2011, at the age of 89 in MA.

Khorana received scholarships to attend Punjab University where he earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees.

After a few years, Har Gobind went to work in a university in Vancouver, Canada where he initiated his DNA research.

In 1945, Dr. Khorana left India to study for his Ph.D.at the University of Liverpool in England. He worked under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich for one year and continued his reserch.

(Copyright © 2015. All Rights Reserved.)
 
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